The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) by organizations presents a range of legal issues that must be taken into account. Data privacy and intellectual property are two of the main legal considerations that must be addressed when utilizing AI. In recent years, employers and employee hiring platforms have increasingly relied on advanced technology, such as AI and algorithms, to evaluate, interview and select candidates. Advocates of AI recruitment tools argue that they can improve the efficiency of the hiring process by quickly identifying qualified applicants. In addition, since algorithms can consider and weigh more factors than human decision makers, it is argued that technology can reduce the impact of implicit bias in hiring decisions.
However, there are still several legal issues for employers who are considering using AI-based hiring technology. Despite the potential benefits of AI, it also presents new ethical problems. The intersection between legal ethics and AI is an emerging and rapidly changing area. This can create confusion for lawyers trying to understand their ethical obligations in relation to AI. Ethical opinions, case law, data breach reporting requirements, and disciplinary cases will continue to clarify the specific characteristics of lawyers' ethical obligations in relation to AI in this evolving landscape.
When it comes to artificial intelligence, there is a potential for discrimination or illegal bias, which makes the responsibility complex and can fall on the creator or owner of the AI tool or on the user who contracted through a third party. To be ethical and legal, AI must respect human rights and have security measures that limit or eliminate the possibility of misuse. For example, facial recognition algorithms have failed to accurately capture African and Asian faces in several studies. This inaccuracy could easily lead to liability issues. However, professionals often use these generative AI technologies without fully understanding the commercial and legal risks associated with their use. It is essential for organizations to understand the legal implications of using custom AI before they implement it.
Organizations should consult with a lawyer who specializes in data privacy and intellectual property law to ensure that their use of AI is compliant with applicable laws. Additionally, organizations should consider implementing policies and procedures that address potential ethical issues related to the use of AI. Organizations should also consider conducting regular audits of their AI systems to ensure that they are operating as intended and that any potential risks are identified and addressed promptly. Finally, organizations should ensure that their employees are properly trained on how to use AI responsibly and ethically.